What Really Happens During a Near-death Experience

Brian Herbert, the science fiction novelist, once penned, “The only guarantee in life is death, and the only guarantee in death is its shocking unpredictability.” This sentiment resonates deeply with those delving into the enigma of a person’s last moments and the inherent challenges of such investigations.

A recurring hurdle is: How can one inquire about the sensations of dying from those no longer alive? In the absence of a method to converse with the departed, the next best option involves interviewing individuals who’ve narrowly escaped death.

Commonly, they describe encountering intense lights, a montage of past events, or even glimpses of departed friends and family. Some claim to have seen the shadowy figure of Death itself.

Kevin Nelson, a neurology professor at the University of Kentucky, notes the contradictory nature of such encounters: while certain elements like the bright light are recurrent, every near-death experience remains profoundly personal.

While many aspects of this phenomenon remain enigmatic, strides are being made, particularly through examining the brains of those who’ve had such experiences. Individuals who’ve endured these brink-of-death moments often describe them as transformative.

One consensus among health professionals: these experiences aren’t mere fabrications of the mind. Unraveling the science behind these events is not merely to satiate curiosity.

A crucial objective lies in deciphering the mechanics of cardiac arrests, enhancing the odds of resuscitation post-heart cessation. Surprisingly, research reveals that 1 in 10 individuals claim to have had heightened senses, time dilation, or other sensations tied to near-death events without being in immediate peril.

Such experiences can be categorized into four main types: emotional, cognitive, spiritual, religious, and supernatural encounters, with the supernatural being particularly memorable, especially sensations of disembodiment.

Around 76% describe an out-of-body sensation during such episodes. While many consider this a spiritual manifestation, it’s essentially a cerebral illusion, an assertion backed by experiments inducing similar feelings in slumbering subjects via direct brain stimulation.

Frequently, cardiac arrest survivors recount near-death events. Borjigin explains that a quarter of cardiac arrest survivors recall facets of these experiences due to diminished blood flow.

A drop in oxygen alerts the brain, triggering perceptual alterations that parallel near-death sensations. A decade earlier, Borjigin’s team noticed rats’ brains remained active for about half a minute post-cardiac arrest, even exhibiting heightened electrical activity.

She extended this observation to humans, examining critically ill patients’ brains post-ventilator removal. Using EEGs, she discerned that two patients exhibited gamma brainwave surges, typically indicating consciousness, as their bodies declined.

This activity was concentrated in the temporo-parieto-occipital (TPO) junction, responsible for sensory data amalgamation. The correlation between this surge and potential visions remains speculative, as, regrettably, both patients passed away.

Yet, Borjigin hypothesizes this activity suggests auditory and linguistic comprehension. In a comprehensive study spanning 2017-2020, a global medical team linked heightened brain activity to concealed consciousness post-mortem.

People revived post-cardiac arrest recounted memories and dialogues from their unconscious state. Out of 567 cardiac arrest patients, only 53 were successfully revived. Initial assessments suggested brain inactivity, but CPR revealed conscious-indicative electrical surges.

Of the revived 53, 28 could be interviewed, with 11 reporting awareness during CPR. Interestingly, while none recollected the displayed image, one identified all the audio-recorded fruits.

Besides refuting the five-to-ten-minute consciousness post-oxygen deprivation belief, the study prompts reconsideration of perceived death finality. Beyond the brain’s endurance, the authors suggest an alternate “braking mechanism” for perceived consciousness distortions. When conscious, the brain suppresses unnecessary data.

In an unconscious state, this suppression might cease, unlocking profound consciousness layers, revealing memories and perceptions, and potentially indicating a clearer understanding of reality dimensions.

However, due to the limited number of survivors, determining if this enhanced consciousness is more visual or auditory remains challenging.

Ogedegbe aims to augment trial participants to 1,500, hoping to unveil brain activity intricacies during death’s threshold moments and possibly provide solace that the dying might sense their loved ones’ presence.